HYPOTHESIS is a proposition about cause and effect relationships. A hypothesis involves anticipating an effect, and a means of observing whether the anticipation is correct. A company’s strategy is based on a hypothesis – “If we do A, then B will result.” For example, a strategy map for a Balanced Scorecard explains the hypothesis behind an organization’s strategy.
CLOSING ENTRY is a journal entry at the end of a period to transfer the net effect of revenue and expense items from the income statement to owners equity.
LEVERAGE is property rising or falling at a proportionally greater amount than comparable investments. For example, an option is said to have high leverage relative to the underlying stock because a price change in the stock may result in a relatively large increase or decrease in the value of the option. In general, in finance, leverage is the use of debt financing. Leverage, within a corporation, is the use of borrowed money to increase the return on investment. For leverage to be positive, the rate of return on the investment must be higher than the cost of the money borrowed.
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