INCOME AFTER TAXES is the net profit earned by the company after deducting all expenses like interest, depreciation and tax. PAT can be fully retained by a company to be used in the business. Dividends, if declared, are paid to the share holders from this residue.
UNRESOLVED EQUITY is the difference between Total Assets and Total Liabilities on the Balance Sheet. Total Assets is always equal to Total Liabilities plus Equity.
EXISTENCE, in accounting, deals with whether assets or liabilities exist at a given date. For example, management asserts that finished goods inventories in the balance sheet are available for sale.
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