INCOME SMOOTHING refers to measures taken to reduce the probability of income shocks before they occur, and includes strategies like diversifying income sources; making low-risk production and employment choices; building up physical, human, and social assets; and ensuring good financial management.
BOND RATING is a measure of credit quality ranging from AAA to D by bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's or Fitch's. Bonds rated BB+ or lower by Standard & Poor's or Ba1 or lower by Moody's are not investment grade.
MINIMUM PAYMENT is the minimum amount that you must pay, e.g. usually monthly on a home equity loan or line of credit. In some payment agreements the minimum payment may be "interest only" (simple interest). In other loan agreements, the minimum payment may include principal and interest (amortized).
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