INFERENCE CONTROL is a control used in the output of databases to stop a person who has access to only summary information from being able to determine (infer) a particular value for a particular record.
PROVISION, generally, is to prepare in advance for an event that is projected to take place in the future. In accounting, it is an amount charged against profits for a specific liability (for example: bad debts, depreciation or taxes). A liability may be known, but the amount is often uncertain. This uncertainty may lead to an adjustment in a later income statement once the final amount of the liability is ascertained.
ALTERNATIVE MINIMUM TAX (AMT) is an alternative tax which includes certain tax preference items that are added back into adjusted gross income. If higher than the regular tax, then the regular tax plus the amount by which AMT exceeds the regular tax is paid.
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