INFLATION ADJUSTMENT is whenever any figure is adjusted for inflation/deflation. It simply means that all fluctuations in price (upward or downward) that are directly attributable to inflation/deflation are reflected into that figure through either adding or subtracting the amount that is directly caused by inflation/deflation.
GOING LONG is the purchase of commodities, bonds, or stock with no immediate intention of selling them, i.e. the purchase is for long term investment or speculation. See GOING SHORT.
CONSIGNMENT STOCK is vendor supplied stock that is only paid for when it is used. Consignment stock should change nothing except cash flow. Holding any more stock than is necessary is always inefficient whether it is consignment stock or not.
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