INTEREST EXPENSE is the cost of borrowing funds in the current period. It is shown as a financial expense item within the income statement. An interest expense of zero to <15% relative to operating income, within the consumer products industry, is an indicator of a sustainable competitive advantage.
FRS 11 sets out the principles and methodology for accounting for impairments of fixed assets and goodwill. It replaces the previous approach whereby diminutions in value were recognized only if they were regarded as permanent. Instead, the carrying amount of an asset is compared with its recoverable amount and, if the carrying amount is higher, the asset is written down.
HYBRID INSTRUMENT is a package containing two or more different kinds of risk management instruments that are usually interactive.
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