INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (IRR) is the discount rate that makes the project have a zero Net Present Value (NPV). IRR is an alternative method of evaluating investments without estimating the discount rate. IRR takes into account the time value of money by considering the cash flows over the lifetime of a project. The IRR and NPV concepts are related but they are not equivalent.

COUPON RATE is the annual interest rate of a bond.

FIXED ASSET TURNOVER measures managements ability to generate revenues from investments in fixed assets. FAT considers only the firms investment in property, plant and equipment and is extremely important in high asset firms such as manufactures and telecommunications companies. Generally, the higher this ratio:

- the smaller the investment required to generate sales, thus the more profitable the firm.
- indicates the firm has less money tied up in fixed assets for each dollar of sales revenue.

A declining ratio may indicate that the firm has over-invested in plant, equipment, or other fixed assets. Formula: Net Revenues / Fixed Assets

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