INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD Definition

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INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD (IASB), based in London, UK. The IASB is responsible for setting International Financial Reporting Standards. The IASB hopes that through the creation of international standards, it makes one set of financial statements more compatible with the rest of the world. Currently, a companys financial report would be different for each country based on local generally accepted accounting principles. There are fourteen members of the IASB, of whom twelve are full-time members (ie employed only by the IASB). Five members must be former auditors, three former preparers of accounts, three former users of accounts and one an academic. The remaining two may be of any of these, or other, backgrounds. The non-profit organization IASC Foundation, incorporated in March 2001 in Delaware, US is the parental body of the IASB. The IASC Foundation is also the parent of the Standards Advisory Council and the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee.

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INTEGRATED TEST FACILITY is where a fictitious unit, e.g., an employee or department, is established to where sample transactions are posted to the dummy unit during the normal processing cycle. If test transactions are processed correctly that provides evidence that transactions of other units are processed correctly as well.

FIXED ASSET is a long-term tangible asset that is not expected to be converted into cash in the current or upcoming fiscal year, e.g., buildings, real estate, production equipment, and furniture. Sometimes called PLANT.

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