INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD Definition

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INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD (IASB), based in London, UK. The IASB is responsible for setting International Financial Reporting Standards. The IASB hopes that through the creation of international standards, it makes one set of financial statements more compatible with the rest of the world. Currently, a companys financial report would be different for each country based on local generally accepted accounting principles. There are fourteen members of the IASB, of whom twelve are full-time members (ie employed only by the IASB). Five members must be former auditors, three former preparers of accounts, three former users of accounts and one an academic. The remaining two may be of any of these, or other, backgrounds. The non-profit organization IASC Foundation, incorporated in March 2001 in Delaware, US is the parental body of the IASB. The IASC Foundation is also the parent of the Standards Advisory Council and the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee.

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MAKING A MARKET is securities dealers showing both a bid and an offer for a particular maturity and type of secu­rity. This is not to be confused with a quote, which is a general indication of prices rather than a specific price at which a transaction may be executed.

ASSET EARNING POWER is a common profitability measure used to determine the profitability of a business by taking its total earning before taxes and dividing that by total assets.

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