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INTRINSIC VALUE, generally, is the value of a resource unto itself, regardless of its value to humans; often considered the ethical value of a resource, or the right of the resource to exist, e.g., in securities, it is the perceived actual value of a security, as opposed to its market price or book value.

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OPTION is the formal reservation of the right to buy or sell property / assets at a certain price and / or within a given time in the future, e.g. a contract allowing, but not requiring, the holder to buy (call) or sell (put) a specific security at a specified price during a specified time period or on a specified date. Options may trade on exchanges or over­the-counter.

CAPITALIZED is when something is recorded as an asset. For example, a capitalized lease is in substance a purchase to the lessee. An asset is recorded equal to the present value of the lease payments, which is also recorded as a liability. Payments, partly interest and partly principal, are made on the lease liability. The leased asset is depreciated by the lessee as though it were legally owned by the lessee.

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