INVENTORY for companies: includes raw materials, items available for sale or in the process of being made ready for sale (work in process) for securities: it is securities bought and held by a broker or dealer for resale. A firm that has a sustainable competitive advantage has an inventory and net earnings are rising on a corresponding basis. Inventories that spike up/down are indicative of competitive industries prone to boom/bust.
AUDITOR is an accountant usually certified by a national professional association of accountants, if one exists in the corporation's country, or certified by another countrys recognized national association of accountants. Corporations will often work with both internal auditors and external auditors.
KAIZEN BUDGETING is a budgeting approach that projects costs on the basis of future improvements, rather than current practices and methods. The key point is that the budget cannot be achieved unless improvements are made.
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