INVERSE FLOATING RATE is a security that has a fixed maturity with a coupon rate that is reset at a pre-specified amount, minus a given short-term rate or index, such as 18% minus the six-month LIBOR rate, or 30% minus three times the 30-day commercial paper composite rate. These instruments provide a way to hedge against lower short-term rates and/or a steeper yield curoe without extending the maturity. As shortterm rates decline, the coupon rate increases.
DEFEASANCE is a. the release of a debtor from the primary obligation for a debt. A legal defeasance could take place in absolute terms, i.e., the debt could cease to exist for anyone (by being forgiven or set aside), or the creditor could formally recognize that another party has taken over the primary obligation for the debt; and, b. in securities, a technique used by bond issuers to discharge old, low-rate debt by purchasing a smaller amount of higher-yielding U.S. Treasury debt. The Treasuries are held in trust to service the old debt being retired.
VERIFIABILITY is where the fact is capable of being tested (verified or falsified) by experiment or observation.
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