INVESTMENT GRADE Definition

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INVESTMENT GRADE, in securities, is a high credit rating indicating bonds generally considered to have the strongest possi­bility of paying interest and repaying principal when due. Standard & Poor's Corporation considers invest­ment grade bonds to be those it rates from AAA through BBB. Moody's considers investment grade to be from AAA to Baa3. Below investment grade bonds also are known as high yield or junk bonds. The NAIC designates investment grade bonds with the numerical rating of "I" or "2".

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KEY PERSON DISCOUNT is an amount or percentage deducted from the value of an ownership interest to reflect the reduction in value resulting from the actual or potential loss of a key person in a business enterprise.

INVENTORY AND PURCHASES BUDGET represents what a business plans to buy and how much inventory it intends to hold over a given timeframe, is based on three factors: a business' desired ending inventory, cost of goods sold, and beginning inventory. A business's desired ending inventory will drive that business' budgeted purchases over a given period of time. A larger desired ending inventory will typically lead to a larger Purchases Budget and vice-versa. While the Purchases Budget, a component of the Inventory and Purchases Budget, represents an estimate of future purchases, this is an accrual-based accounting figure, and it is the Disbursements for Purchases Budget (another component of the Inventory and Purchases Budget) that drives a company's cash flows.

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