IPO (INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING) is the first or primary offering of stock to the public.
PASSIVE ACTIVITY is defined in the US Tax Code as one or more trades, business or rental activity that the taxpayer does not materially participate in managing or running. All income and losses from passive activities are grouped together on an income tax return and, generally, loss deductions are limited or suspended until the passive activity that generated them is disposed of in its entirety.
BUSINESS PLAN is a description of a business (normally over a 1-5 year period). A basic business plan includes: product(s) and/or service(s), the market, competitor analysis, the key people involved, financing needs, and the financial rewards if the business plan is implemented successfully. A well-prepared business plan plays two important roles, firstly, it is a useful management tool that can help management plot a course for the company, and secondly, it is a vital sales tool that will impress funding sources, e.g., venture capitalists or the board of directors, with managements planning ability and general competence. Other things being equal, a well prepared business plan will increase a companys chances of obtaining a financial commitment to fund the business.
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