IRD, dependent upon usage, can mean Interest Rate Derivatives (finance), Inland Revenue Department (New Zealands tax revenue collection department), or Interest Rate Differential.
ACCOUNTING CYCLE is the sequence of steps in preparing the financial statements for a given period. It refers to the fact that because financial reports are given each period (usually a year) there are a set of steps (cycle) taken each period that result in the reports and preparation for the next period or cycle. The term cycle is used because every period there is a start and an end. The cycle usually starts with the budget, goes through the journal entries, adjusting entries, posting to the accounts, financial reports, and closings.
ASSET BACKED SECURITY is a debt instrument collateralized by credit card receivables, auto loans or other assets and securitized by a bank or financial institution. To reduce the possibility of a disruption in principal and interest payments, the cash flow from these assets is enhanced by a variety of methods including letter of credit support, insurance, overcollateralization and excess interest.
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