IRRELEVANT COST, in managerial accounting decision-making situations, is any positive or negative implications phenomenon which is not consequent upon the production process, whether it is denominated in money terms or not.
SALVAGE VALUE is: a) Realizable value of a fixed asset after deducting costs associated with its sale; b) Scrap value or the value to a junk dealer; or c) The amount remaining after all depreciation has been deducted from the original cost of a depreciable asset.
STANDARD COSTING is a control method involving the preparation of detailed cost and sales budgets. Such budgets are then compared with the actual results for a specific account period and any significant variances between the actual and the budgeted results are investigated. Unexpected trends are corrected if they are not acceptable or they cannot be accommodated.
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