JOB COSTING, generally, it is the allocation of all time, material and expenses to an individual project or job; specifically, JOB COSTING is normally software based and provides for budgeting, forecasting, collecting and reporting on the expenditure and revenue associated with specific projects or jobs.
TRADE SPENDING is that marketing expense directed towards brand building, e.g. promotional allowances, slotting, and advertisements. Total expenditure often represents 20-25% or more of total sales and is a significant expenditure for any size company. Managing this investment more wisely and reducing any fraction of a percentage of these dollars is vital.
NET CASH FLOW equals cash receipts minus cash payments over a given period of time; or equivalently, net profit plus amounts charged off for depreciation, depletion, and amortization. Also called cash flow. Net cash flow is a measure of a companys financial health. When the term is used, it should be supplemented by a qualifier (for example, "Equity" or "Invested Capital") and a definition of exactly what it means in the given valuation context.
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