JOINT COSTS are costs incurred to produce a certain amount of two or more products where the cost of producing one product cannot be logically isolated and cost allocation is arbitrary. Simplified, they are the costs of a single production process that yields multiple products simultaneously.
GROUP is a number of individual companies assembled together; often having some unifying relationship.
MODEL B Z-SCORE (For Private General Firm) Model B Z-Score is appropriate for a private general non-manufacturing firm. A Z-Score of 2.60 or above indicates that bankruptcy in not likely, buyt a Z-Score of 1.10 or below is a strong indicator that bankruptcy is likely. Probabilities of bankruptcy within the above ranges are 95% for one year and 70% within two years. A Z-Score between the two is the gray area. Obviously a higher Z-Score is desirable.
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