JOINT COSTS are costs incurred to produce a certain amount of two or more products where the cost of producing one product cannot be logically isolated and cost allocation is arbitrary. Simplified, they are the costs of a single production process that yields multiple products simultaneously.
PREREFUNDING is the the issuing of new securities to refund an outstanding security. Proceeds from the new securities are used to buy instruments, usually U.S. Treasuries, to be held in escrow for the purpose of retiring bonds or preferred stock.
LOADED LABOR RATE is the employee hourly rate plus employee benefits, capital expenses, and other overhead.
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