JOINT RETURN Definition

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JOINT RETURN is a US income tax filing status that can be used by a married couple. The married couple must be married as of the last day of their tax year in order to qualify for this filing status. A married couple can also elect to file as married, filing separate returns.

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SPLIT ACCOUNTING, under IAS 39, provides that if certain conditions are met the 'embedded derivative' in a 'hybrid (combined) financial instrument' (i.e, a financial instrument which includes a non-derivative 'host contract' as well as an embedded derivative) must be accounted for separately from the 'host contract'.

COMPETITIVE PRICING generally is where firms must be able to offer the best price in the market and meet price erosion without compromising quality. This is normally met whenever a firm finds acceptable a prices-production combination such that: a. At these prices, there is no other production plan yielding higher profits and using fewer capital goods; namely, firms behave as constrained profit maximizers at given prices; and, b. There is no price vector satisfying "a." with higher prices for capital goods. In other words, the prices of capital goods are maximal within those satisfying constrained profit maximization

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