JOURNAL ENTRY is the beginning of the accounting cycle. Journal entries are the logging of business transactions and their monetary value into the t-accounts of the accounting journal as either debits or credits. Journal entries are usually backed up with a piece of paper; a receipt, a bill, an invoice, or some other direct record of the transaction; making them easy to record and to maintain traceability for each transaction.
FREE CASH FLOW is net income plus non-cash charges to income, specifically depreciation and amortization less capital expenditures, to sustain the basic business. Free cash flow per share is a measure of the amount of cash per share a business generates after expenditures for equipment or buildings. Free cash flow is available to be used for expansion, dividends, reduction in debt, or other purposes. Free cash flow is valued more than just about any other measure, including earnings (EPS). Cash assists companies to expand, develop new products, stock buy back, pay dividends, or reduce debt. Many analysts focus on free cash flow for insight into the core of a company's cash-generating engine.
EFFECTIVE INTERNAL CONTROL is reasonable assurance that operational objectives are achieved, that published financial statements are reliably prepared, and that the entity complies with applicable laws and regulations.
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