KAIZEN COSTING means "improvements in small steps" (i.e., continuous improvement). It was developed in Japan by Yashuhiro Monden. Kaizen Costing is applied to product that it already under production.
PERPETUAL INVENTORY is an inventory accounting system whereby book inventory is kept in continuous agreement with stock on hand. A daily record is maintained of the dollar amount and physical quantity. There are periodic physical inventories taken to reconcile at short intervals.
STRAPS is Stated Term Rate Auction Preferred Stock; issues having a fixed dividend rate, usually for three to five years. After this period, the security becomes an auction-rate preferred and the holder can sell the stock at par on the date of the first auction. STRAPs trade like and are compared to a short-term sinking fund preferred stock.
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