KWACHA Definition

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KWACHA is a currency of Malawi and Zambia.

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LEVERAGED BUY-OUT (LBO) is a transaction used for taking a public corporation private, financed through the use of debt funds: bank loans and bonds. Because of the large amount of debt relative to equity in the new corporation, the bonds are typically rated below investment grade, properly referred to as high-yield bonds or junk bonds. Investors can participate in an LBO through either the purchase of the debt (i.e., purchase of the bonds or participation in the bank loan) or the purchase of equity through an LBO fund that specializes in such investments.

PUTABLE BOND is a bond that contains a provision that allows the holder, or investor, a put option to tender the bond prior to maturity, generally at par. Normally a holding period, often several years, must occur before the put option may be exercised. However, the holder has flexibility, in the event interest rates go up, to tender this bond long before its normal maturity.

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