LEASE is a contract where a party being the owner (lessor) of an asset (leased asset) provides the asset for use by the lessee at a consideration (rentals), either fixed or dependent on any variables, for a certain period (lease period), either fixed or flexible, with an understanding that at the end of such period, the asset, subject to the embedded options of the lease, will be either returned to the lessor or disposed off as per the lessors instructions.
SURPLUS generally means any excess amount, but in finance it is the remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose. In a corporation, surplus means assets left after liabilities and debt, including capital stock, has been subtracted.
MARGIN LENDING, in securities, is where the lender, usually a bank, will lend you between approximately 40% and 70% of the value of approved shares and managed funds. For example, if you have $30,000 in cash, you could borrow up to $70,000 and buy a $100,000 portfolio (assuming a lending ratio of 70%). This portfolio then becomes the security for your margin lending facility.
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