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LEAST-SQUARED METHOD of approximating cost is a statistical approach that is both objective and considers all the data points. By using mathematical formulas to arrive at the best possible cost line (i.e., the regression line), it is more accurate than the methods mentioned previously. The regression line is in the form Y=a + bX, where X is the independent variable and Y is the dependent variable. The coefficient of determination (R2) can be used to judge the line's goodness of fit.

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MARGINAL BENEFIT takes into account the fact that the more an entity has or devotes to something, the less benefit that is likely to be derived from the additional units applied, e.g. additional labor hours expended to complete a task can be of questionable benefit if parts, tools, or machines cannot optimally absorb the additional labor applied, i.e. the additional hours devoted would be of marginal benefit.

OWN WORK CAPITALIZED represents the value of work performed for own purposes and capitalized as part of fixed assets.

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