LETTER OF AWARENESS is a formal letter written to a lender, normally by a parent company, acknowledging its relationship with another group company and its awareness of a loan being made to that company. It is the weakest form of comfort letter. Such letters do not constitute a guarantee, but may nevertheless involve a significant moral commitment on the part of the writer.
COST-VOLUME-PROFIT ANALYSIS (CVPA) examines the behavior of total revenue, total costs and profit as changes occur in the output level, selling price and variable costs per unit or fixed costs.
KITING, when used in the context of banking, refers to the practice of depositing and drawing checks at two or more banks and taking advantage of the time it takes for the second bank to collect funds from the first bank. Can also refer to illegally increasing the face value of a check by changing the printed amount of the check. When used in the context of securities, it refers to the manipulation and inflation of stock prices.
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