LETTER OF CREDIT Definition

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LETTER OF CREDIT (LOC) is a legal document issued by a buyer's bank that upon presentation of required documents payment would be made. Usually confirmed by the sellers bank, protection is given to the seller that payment will be made if the goods are shipped correctly, and protection is given to the buyer that the goods will be shipped before payment is made.

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TRANSACTION ANALYSIS is coupled with data event analysis. Transaction analysis looks at the data carriers which move data and information around the firm. Some of these transactions may be externally generated and some are internally generated. See DATA EVENT ANALYSIS.

LABOR THROUGHPUT VARIANCE reveals potential constraints on throughput caused by changes in the mix of products being produced. It is computed the way the traditional labor "efficiency" variance is computed but aggregated at a fairly high level (e.g., total plant or total department) and expressed as percent of actual clocked production hours vs. standard production hours.

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