LEVERAGE RATIOS measures the relative contribution of stockholders and creditors, and of the firms ability to pay financing charges. Value of firms debt to the total value of the firm.
PRINCIPLES-BASED ACCOUNTING provides for few exact rules and little implementation guidance. Instead, general principles are put forward and companies must ensure that their financial statements fairly and accurately represent these principles. Proponents argue that this type of system does not allow for less than ethical financial engineering, where complex transactions are undertaken in order to get around following specific rules-based accounting standards. Critics believe a principles-based system allows too much leeway for companies, because they generally do not have to follow specific rules, only wide-arching principles. See also RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING.
S as the fifth letter of a Nasdaq stock symbol indicates that the issue has beneficial interest.
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