LIMIT ORDER PROTECTION RULE, FIINRA Rule 6541, prohibits member firms from "trading ahead" of customer limit orders that a member accepts. Members handling customer limit orders are prohibited from trading at prices equal or superior to that of the customer limit order without also executing that order at the limit price.
CLEARING is the process of reporting a trade to ACT for comparison of the details of the transaction between brokers prior to final settlement; the final exchange of securities for cash on delivery. Clearing operations, such as the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), facilitate the validation, delivery, and settlement of securities transactions. Trades are either reported by the broker to the clearing corporation directly or through a third party, usually another brokerage firm if a broker does not have a direct relationship with a clearing corporation.
STANDARD COSTING is a control method involving the preparation of detailed cost and sales budgets. Such budgets are then compared with the actual results for a specific account period and any significant variances between the actual and the budgeted results are investigated. Unexpected trends are corrected if they are not acceptable or they cannot be accommodated.
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