LINEAR PROGRAMMING (LP), in accounting, is the mathematical approach to optimally allocating limited resources among competing activities. It is a technique used to maximize revenue, contribution margin, and profit function; or, to minimize a cost function, subject to constraints. Linear programming consists of two ingredients: (1) objective function and (2) constraints, both of which are linear. In formulating the LP problem, the first step is to define the decision variables that one is trying to solve. The next step is to formulate the objective function and constraints in terms of these decision variables.
BUDGET PERFORMANCE REPORT is the comparison of planned budget and actual performance.
APPLICABLE FINANCIAL REPORTING FRAMEWORK is the financial reporting framework adopted in the preparation of the financial statements that is acceptable in
view of the nature of the entity and the objective of the financial statements, or that is required by law or regulation.
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