LINEAR PROGRAMMING (LP), in accounting, is the mathematical approach to optimally allocating limited resources among competing activities. It is a technique used to maximize revenue, contribution margin, and profit function; or, to minimize a cost function, subject to constraints. Linear programming consists of two ingredients: (1) objective function and (2) constraints, both of which are linear. In formulating the LP problem, the first step is to define the decision variables that one is trying to solve. The next step is to formulate the objective function and constraints in terms of these decision variables.

ACCOUNTANTS OPINION is a signed statement regarding the financial status of an entity from an independent public accountant after examination of that entities records and accounts.

CAPITAL TO RISK ASSET RATIO (CRAR) is one of the most widely used analytical measures of bank capital adequacy and a tool for controlling bank risk. Since risk assets are always less than total assets, the capital/risk asset ratio is naturally higher than the capital/total asset ratio for any given computational period.

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