LITIGATION RISK is an assessment of the likelihood or probability that legal action may be taken, e.g. auditors may encounter an unacceptable level of litigation risk on an assignment where the client has possibly been involved with fraudulent financial reporting.
INFLATION HEDGE is a defensive investment that protects against the risk of loss caused by inflation. Tangible investments such as gold, silver and precious gems and coins are inflation hedges.
BASIS, generally, is that figure or value that is the starting point in computing gain or loss, depreciation, depletion, and amortization of a company. Specifically, it is the financial interest that the Internal Revenue Service attributes to an owner of an investment property for the purpose of determining annual depreciation and gain or loss on the sale of the asset. If a property was acquired by purchase, the owners basis is the cost of the property plus the value of any capital expenditures for improvements to the property, minus any depreciation allowable or actually taken. This new basis is called the ADJUSTED BASIS.
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