LONG TERM DEBT is all senior debt, including bonds, debentures, bank debt, mortgages, deferred portions of long term debt, and capital lease obligations. If a firm shows little to no long term debt over the years and/or their earning power could allow them to pay off their long term debt within 3-4 years, it is a good indicator of a sustainable competitive advantage.
COST PRINCIPLE is the principle where a company is obliged to record its fixed assets at their actual purchase price or production cost.
ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES BOARD (APB) OPINIONS were published by the Accounting Principles Board (APB). The APB was created by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) in 1959; replaced by Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in 1973. The APB mission was to develop an overall conceptual framework of US generally accepted accounting principles (US GAAP). APB was the main organization setting the US GAAP and its opinions are still an important part of it.
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