MANAGEMENT EXPENSE is the management fee deducted from a funds average net assets to pay an advisor or sub-advisor. This fee is normally on a sliding scale. As the net assets of the fund increase, the percentage deducted for management fees decreases. A fund can also have a fixed rate or flat fee to compensate the advisor.
NASD is National Association of Securities Dealers.
MANDATORY TRANSFERS are transfers from the current (operating) fund group to other fund groups arising out of binding legal agreements related to the financing, e.g., in education: debt retirement, interest, and grant agreements with federal agencies and other organizations to match gifts and grants. Whereas non-mandatory transfers would be transfers from the current (operating) fund group to other fund groups made at the discretion of management to serve various objectives, e.g., additions to loan funds, endowment funds, plant additions, and voluntary renewal and replacement of plant.
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