MARGIN ACCOUNT Definition

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MARGIN ACCOUNT (Stocks) is a leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of cash and a loan. The loan in the margin account is collateralized by the stock and, if the value of the stock drops sufficiently, the owner will be asked to either put in more cash, or sell a portion of the stock. Margin rules are federally regulated, but margin requirements and interest may vary among broker/dealers.

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MONETARY POLICY is U.S. Federal Reserve actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability and a sustainable pattern of inter­national transactions. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, adjustments in reserve require­ments and changes in the discount rate.

REPURCHASE AGREEMENT (REPO) is a contract in which an investor or securities dealer sells a United States security to a bank or other corporation and agrees to repurchase the security later at a specified time and price, including interest. The investment period ranges from one day to several months, and the purchaser earns interest competitive with money market rates.

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