MARGIN LENDING, in securities, is where the lender, usually a bank, will lend you between approximately 40% and 70% of the value of approved shares and managed funds. For example, if you have $30,000 in cash, you could borrow up to $70,000 and buy a $100,000 portfolio (assuming a lending ratio of 70%). This portfolio then becomes the security for your margin lending facility.
SPIN-OFF RULING is a legally binding ruling by the Internal Revenue Service as to any aspect of a spin-off by a corporation. See also SPIN-OFF.
SWAPS is when one currency is temporarily exchanged for another, then the currency is held and exchanged later after a fixed period of time. To calculate the swap take the interest rate differential between the two underlying currencies, thus it may be used for speculative purposes to exploit anticipated movement in the interest rates. See INTEREST RATE SWAPS.
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