MARKET CAPITALIZATION Definition

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MARKET CAPITALIZATION is the total dollar value of all outstanding shares. It is calculated by multiplying the number of shares times the current market price. The term is commonly referred to as 'market cap'.

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MARGIN ACCOUNT (Stocks) is a leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of cash and a loan. The loan in the margin account is collateralized by the stock and, if the value of the stock drops sufficiently, the owner will be asked to either put in more cash, or sell a portion of the stock. Margin rules are federally regulated, but margin requirements and interest may vary among broker/dealers.

RESERVE CAPITAL is that part of the nominal (current value) of a business that has not yet been called up. It is thus a reserve, which can be drawn on in case of need.

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