MARKET DISCOUNT is the stated redemption price of a bond at maturity minus your basis in the bond immediately after you acquire it. Market discount arises when the value of a debt obligation decreases after its issue date.
CAPITALIZED INTEREST is the accrued interest added to the principal balance of a loan while you are not making payments or your payments are insufficient to cover both the principal and interest due. When this occurs, you are paying interest on interest, sometimes called "negative amortization".
RELEVANT ASSERTION, in accounting, is a financial statement assertion that has a reasonable possibility of containing a misstatement or misstatements that would cause the financial statements to be materially misstated.
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