MARKET MAKERS is one of the major differences between The NASDAQ Stock Market and other major markets in the U.S. is NASDAQ's structure of competing Market Makers. Market Makers are NASDAQ member firms that use their own capital, research, retail and/or systems resources to represent a stock and compete with each other to buy and sell the stocks they represent. Each Market Maker competes for customer order flow by displaying buy and sell quotations for a guaranteed number of shares. Once an order is received, the Market Maker will immediately purchase for or sell from its own inventory, or seek the other side of the trade until it is executed, often in a matter of seconds.
OPERATING CASH FLOW RATIO is a measure of how well current liabilities are covered by the cash flow generated from a companys operations. It is calculated: OCF = Cash Flow From Operations / Current Liabilities.
SPIN-OFF is a type of corporate reorganization in which the original corporation transfers some of its assets to a newly formed corporation. In exchange for the spun off assets, the original corporation receives all of the new corporations capital stock, which it then distributes to its shareholders as a property dividend.
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