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MATERIAL REQUISITION PLANNING (MRP) entire purpose is to plan for materials that are required for a particular purpose. An MRP is usually automated using transaction codes. MRP can be done for a single material item or a multilevel plan can be run for a material within a plant. MRP creates purchase requisitions, purchase orders, or planned orders for the material. This is done on the basis of the settings selected in the transactions. To take an example, a particular material item may be procured externally, in such a case; an MRP run creates requirements for that material through the respective plant from a sales document.

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DOLLAR VALUE LIFO, in the U.S., is a method of expressing the value of an inventory in monetary values rather than units. Each homogeneous group of inventory items is converted into base-year prices by using the appropriate price indices. The difference between opening and closing inventories is a measure in monetary terms of the change in the financial period.

ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE (EDI) is the use of communication between an entity and customers or suppliers to transact business electronically. Purchases, shipping, billing, cash receipts, and cash disbursements can be completed entirely by exchanging electronic messages.

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