MATERIALS are physical goods (and their cost) used in the manufacture of a product, often separated into DIRECT MATERIAL (that which goes directly into the product such as cream into ice cream, or steel into cars) and INDIRECT MATERIAL (that which is used in maintaining the manufacturing environment such as cleaning fluids or oil for lubrication of manufacturing equipment). Indirect materials are usually part of the overhead component of cost. The term material, when used without the direct or indirect qualifier, usually refers to direct materials.
BANKER'S ACCEPTANCE (BA) is a money market instrument that is issued in discounted form. A banker's acceptance is created when a bank accepts responsibility for payment of business debt by signing a letter of credit. Banker's acceptances are sold to acceptance dealers and may be resold to numerous other parties before the loan is repaid. The investor who last owns the acceptance when the debt becomes due has a right to collect from the borrower. Should the borrower default, the investor can also pursue payment from the accepting bank.
TOMBSTONE is a newspaper advertisement that contains the details of a bond issue or major loan, and the investment banks that have underwritten it.
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