MODEL B Z-SCORE (For Private General Firm) Model B Z-Score is appropriate for a private general non-manufacturing firm. A Z-Score of 2.60 or above indicates that bankruptcy in not likely, buyt a Z-Score of 1.10 or below is a strong indicator that bankruptcy is likely. Probabilities of bankruptcy within the above ranges are 95% for one year and 70% within two years. A Z-Score between the two is the gray area. Obviously a higher Z-Score is desirable.
DEBIT RECORD (DR) is an entry in a double-entry bookkeeping system recording an increase in an asset or an expense, or a decrease in liability, or owners equity item. Debit entries are conventionally made on the left-hand side of T accounts.
FREE CASH FLOW is net income plus non-cash charges to income, specifically depreciation and amortization less capital expenditures, to sustain the basic business. Free cash flow per share is a measure of the amount of cash per share a business generates after expenditures for equipment or buildings. Free cash flow is available to be used for expansion, dividends, reduction in debt, or other purposes. Free cash flow is valued more than just about any other measure, including earnings (EPS). Cash assists companies to expand, develop new products, stock buy back, pay dividends, or reduce debt. Many analysts focus on free cash flow for insight into the core of a company's cash-generating engine.
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