MONETARY POLICY Definition

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MONETARY POLICY is U.S. Federal Reserve actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability and a sustainable pattern of inter­national transactions. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, adjustments in reserve require­ments and changes in the discount rate.

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COMPENSATING BALANCES are the funds a business might be required to keep in a deposit or reserve account to help offset what the bank perceives as risk. The lender might require that an amount based on the business' average account balance or a certain percentage of the face value of the loan be maintained in a deposit account.

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