MONETARY POLICY is U.S. Federal Reserve actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability and a sustainable pattern of international transactions. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, adjustments in reserve requirements and changes in the discount rate.
NEGATIVE CONTRIBUTOR is any item, activity, or cost that offsets attainment of positive results, e.g., a rise in unemployment and its effect upon the economy.
ACCRUED INCOME is income earned during a fiscal period but not paid by the end of the period.
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