MONETARY UNIT is the unit used to measure economic activity (e.g., U.S. $).
ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE is a comparison of financial statement amounts with an auditor's expectation. An example is to compare actual interest expense for the year (a financial statement amount) with an estimate of what that interest expense should be. The estimate can be found by multiplying a reasonable interest rate times the average balance of interest bearing debt outstanding during the year (the auditor's expectation). If actual interest expense differs significantly from the expectation, the auditor explains the difference in audit documentation.
SUMMARY ACCOUNT is a ledger account (such as a control account) whose balance represents the total of other account balances.
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