MONEY MARKET CERTIFICATE Definition

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MONEY MARKET CERTIFICATE is a security issued by com­mercial banks and savings and loan associations. Money market certificates pay a yield often based on the going Treasury bill rate. Interest rates on certificates normally remain fixed over their maturity and investors face an interest penalty for early withdrawal.

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OPEN MARKET OPERATIONS is the purchases and sales of gov­ernment and certain other securities in the open market by the New York Federal Reserve Bank as directed by the Federal Reserve in order to influence the volume of money and credit in the economy. Purchases inject reserves into the depository system and foster expansion in money and credit; sales have the opposite effect. Open market operations are the Federal Reserve's most impor­tant and most flexible monetary policy tool. They are used to promote higher or lower growth in money and credit, and to offset undesirable changes in the reserve positions of depository institutions stemming from movements in currency, float, Treasury deposits and other factors.

DISTRIBUTABLE CASH is a common term used by income funds to describe the amount of cash that is available to meet distribution obligations of the fund. Distributable cash does not have a standard meaning and may be calculated differently by different income funds.

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