MONEY SUPPLY Definition

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MONEY SUPPLY is the three categories of money supply (MI, M2, M3) as defined by the U.S. Federal Reserve Board.

M1 The sum of-currency held by the public, plus travelers' checks, plus demand deposits, plus other checkable deposits-i.e., negotiable order of with­drawal (NOW) accounts, automatic transfer service (ATS) accounts and credit union share drafts.

M2 MI plus savings accounts and small-denomina­tion time deposits, plus shares in money market mutual funds (other than those restricted to institu­tional investors) and overnight Eurodollars and repurchase agreements.

M3 M2 plus large-denomination time deposits (over $100,000) at all depository institutions, large­-denomination term repurchase agreements and shares in money market mutual funds restricted to institutional investors.

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CASH IN ADVANCE is when full payment is due before the merchandise is shipped. Least risk to seller, most risk to buyer.

LADDER is a form of diversification in which investments with widely varying maturities are held within an invest­ment portfolio. Spreading investments over a range of maturities reduces interest rate risk on reinvestment by averaging out interest rate cycles. This strategy assures a continuous cash flow over time with some potential sacrifice of optimum total return.

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