MONITOR, generally, is to keep tabs on; keep an eye on; or, keep under surveillance. In business, it is a person or firm appointed to review and report on, without controlling or approving, the day-to-day transactions of a business. Particulars of the engagement are usually set out in an exchange of letters, an agreement or court order.
LOAN-IN-PROCESS ACCOUNT (LIP ACCOUNT) serves as a deposit account for construction funds. The buyers down payment is deposited into this account and is used for the initial construction draws. Disbursements of actual loan funds begin once the buyers money is depleted. Interest on the borrowed funds will be billed monthly on the amount withdrawn. Upon completion of the house, the buyer will be asked to furnish a homeowners insurance policy and monies for completing the escrow account. Once final disbursements to the builder are made, monthly payments begin based on amortization of the balance at that time.
ANOMALY, generally, is a deviation from the common rule. It is an irregularity that is difficult to explain using existing rules or theory. In securities, it is an unexplained or unexpected price or rate relationship that seems to offer an opportunity for an arbitrage-type profit, although not typically without risk. Examples include the tendency of small stocks to outperform large stocks, of stocks with low price-to-book value ratios to outperform stocks with high price-to-book value ratios, and of discount currency forward contracts to outperform premium currency forward contracts.
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