MOTIVATION is the cause of the action, i.e. the reason that gives purpose and direction to behavior.
WHEN-ISSUED, in securities, is a transaction made conditionally because a security, although authorized, has not yet been issued, e.g, new issues of stocks or bonds, stocks that have been split and Treasury securities are all traded on a when-issued basis.
CONTRACT ALLOWANCE is the limit set within an agreement as to what is the maximum allowed of any given item covered under contract, e.g., home construction with a builder may have allowances or "limits" set in your contract that tell you how much the price of your house "allows" for things such as floor coverings, countertops, and cabinets.
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