MUNICIPAL BOND is the general category of securities issued by public entities. Interest income received by investors is usually exempt from federal income taxes.
ENVIRONMENT, in an accounting control assessment, is the attitude, awareness, and actions of the board, management, owners, and others about importance of control. It
includes integrity and ethical rules, commitment to competence, board or audit committee participation, organization structure, assignment of authority and responsibility, and human resource policies and practices.
OPERATIONAL GEARING is the higher the proportion of fixed costs relative to variable operating costs, the higher the operational gearing. This results in greater business risk. A retailer has high fixed costs relative to variable costs, so has a lot of business risk. See GEARING and FINANCIAL GEARING.
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