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NATURAL BUSINESS YEAR is a fiscal year based on the cycle of the given business rather than a calendar year. The year ends with inventories and activities at a low level, e.g., after winter shipments for a ski manufacturer.

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DISCOUNTED VALUE is the present value of the sum of future payments after they has been discounted back. The higher the discount rate used, the lower the present value of the future sum.

FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE (FOMC) is a 12-member committee consisting of the seven members of the Federal Reserve Bank and five of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank presidents. The president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is a permanent member while the other Federal Reserve presidents serve on a rotating basis. The committee sets objectives for the growth of money and credit that are implemented through purchases and sales of U.S. Government securi­ties in the open market. The FOMC also establishes policy relating to Federal Reserve System operations in the foreign exchange markets.

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