NEGATIVE ASSURANCE, in accounting, is a statement of what the CPA does not know as opposed to what the CPA believes (positive assurance). A statement that the CPA was "not aware of material modifications that should be made to financial statements for them to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles" is negative assurance used in review reports.
EXTINGUISHMENT OF DEBT is the debtors satisfaction of the obligation to a creditor, either legally or in-substance. A debt shall be accounted for as having been extinguished in a number of circumstances, including when it has been settled through repayment or replacement by another liability.
STEAMSHIP CONFERENCE is an agreement between multiple shipping companies to provide common freight rates. Some shipping lines will state that they are 'non-conference', i.e., they charge an independent and likely lower rate.
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