NEGATIVE ASSURANCE, in accounting, is a statement of what the CPA does not know as opposed to what the CPA believes (positive assurance). A statement that the CPA was "not aware of material modifications that should be made to financial statements for them to conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles" is negative assurance used in review reports.
LEMONS AND PLUMS, in finance, LEMON is an investment with a poor or negative rate of return; and, PLUM is an investment with a healthy rate of return.
STATEMENT OF RETAINED EARNINGS is one of the four basic financial statements; the Statement of Retained Earnings is a reconciliation of the Retained Earnings account. Information such as dividends or announced income is provided in the statement. The Statement of Retained Earnings provides information about what a companys management is doing with the companys earnings.
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