NET OPERATION PROFIT AFTER TAXES (NOPAT) is a profitability measure that omits the cost of debt financing (i.e. it omits interest payments, along with their associated tax break). NOPAT is primarily used in the calculation of EVA. It is calculated: NOPAT = operating income x (1 - Tax Rate).
X-INEFFICIENCY is the failure to minimize costs or maximize returns. (Sometimes referred to as X-efficiency, but carrying the same meaning.)
PERIODIC VALUATION allows for the determination on future dates the value of assets, portfolios, etc. with the idea of setting a new standard cost or value to those assets. Such revaluations, up or down, are then posted as the new standard cost or value. See REVALUATION.
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