NET PROFIT MARGIN (NPM After Tax) Definition

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NET PROFIT MARGIN (NPM After Tax) measures profitability as a percentage of revenues after consideration of all revenue and expense, including interest expenses, non-operating items, and income taxes. For a business to be viable in the long term profits must be generated; making the net profit margin ratio one of the key performance indicators for any business. It is important to analyze the ratio over time. A variation in the ratio from year-to-year may be due to abnormal conditions or expenses which need to be addressed. A decline in the ratio over time may indicate a margin squeeze suggesting that productivity improvements may need to be initiated. In some cases, the costs of such improvements may lead to a further drop in the ratio or even losses before increased profitability is achieved. Generally, if the NPM history is >20% annually, it is an indicator that the firm enjoys a sustainable competitive advantage. If the average NPM is <10%, it usually indicates that the firm is in a highly competitive business. Formula: Net Profit After Tax (EAT + DII + OI) / Net Revenue

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CLEARING is the process of reporting a trade to ACT for comparison of the details of the transaction between brokers prior to final settlement; the final exchange of securities for cash on delivery. Clearing operations, such as the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), facilitate the validation, delivery, and settlement of securities transactions. Trades are either reported by the broker to the clearing corporation directly or through a third party, usually another brokerage firm if a broker does not have a direct relationship with a clearing corporation.

PERSONAL ACCOUNTS represents money due to or due from a person or group of persons. For example, Accounts Payable - Suppliers is a personal account since this amount is payable to a supplier/suppliers.

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