NET PROFIT MARGIN (NPM After Tax) measures profitability as a percentage of revenues after consideration of all revenue and expense, including interest expenses, non-operating items, and income taxes. For a business to be viable in the long term profits must be generated; making the net profit margin ratio one of the key performance indicators for any business. It is important to analyze the ratio over time. A variation in the ratio from year-to-year may be due to abnormal conditions or expenses which need to be addressed. A decline in the ratio over time may indicate a margin squeeze suggesting that productivity improvements may need to be initiated. In some cases, the costs of such improvements may lead to a further drop in the ratio or even losses before increased profitability is achieved. Generally, if the NPM history is >20% annually, it is an indicator that the firm enjoys a sustainable competitive advantage. If the average NPM is <10%, it usually indicates that the firm is in a highly competitive business. Formula: Net Profit After Tax (EAT + DII + OI) / Net Revenue
SELLER GUARANTEE DEPOSIT is a good-faith deposit of funds that is made to demonstrate that the seller is confident enough in their technical skills and time management abilities to guarantee that they will complete the project 100% and on time. If the project is completed successfully, then the seller receives back the Seller Guarantee Deposit (minus the Seller Guarantee Deposit Processing Fee). If the project is not completed successfully, the seller forfeits the entire Seller Guarantee Deposit as liquidated damages for the breech.
ABC see ACTIVITY BASED COSTING.
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